3000 years ago Acharyas Charaka and Sushruta had discovered the passing of sugar in urine due to excessive blood sugar.
The scientific method of estimating the blood sugar and urinary sugar given in the Charak Samhita and Sushruta Samhita are unique. Acharya Sushruta describes the colour of the urine of the diabetic as honey - like and Acharya Charaka examines the urine of a diabetic with ants.
"Madhuryachcha tanoratah evam makshikopasarpena sharira madhuryam."
By just observing the colour, ants and flies, they concluded the presence of sugar in urine and blood without performing any laboratory test.
All pramehas change into diabetes in the absence of proper treatment. In diabetes the patient passes urine which is as sweet as honey and his body also becomes sweet. That is why it and other Pramehas endowed with these symptoms are called Madhumeha.
In Ayurveda, the main reason of diabetes is believed to be Vayu. When Vata gets aggravated and Oja flows out through urine, the condition is called diabetes. Usually diabetes occurs during the old age when all the Dhatus go on weakening day by day.
OUR AYURVEDA APPROACH
Ayurveda treatment differs from person to person.
In the beginning, medicine is given according to the personal criteria. After monitoring the blood sugar level in the stipulated time, maximum dosage of the medicine is given. Medicine is continued until blood sugar level comes to normal. It is the turning point. From then onwards, gradually the dosage of the medicine is reduced.
Then either patient will be maintained in minimal dosage or without the medicine! This kind of approach gives hopes to diabetics where there is a possibility of stopping the medicine totally. Complications of long standing diabetes are uncommon while the patient is taking Ayurvedic treatment.
Panchakarma procedures like
3) Mashapinda Sweda,
6) Kayaseka are proved to be beneficial in the long run.